The gabled roof is still highly appreciated by builders. It is not only inexpensive, but also convenient and weather-resistant. In addition, it distinguishes itself by an appealing appearance.
The gable roof is a roof shape, which has proven itself for centuries and until today a wide use. It consists of two sloping roofs, which are connected to the ridge of the roof (of the top, mostly horizontal edge of a roof). In contrast to the traditional half-hipped roof, which has inclined roof surfaces on the gable end, the gable roof only to the eaves side is tilted. Its simple construction principle has emerged as a decisive advantage. Therefore, an abundance of inclinations and eaves height is possible with the pitched roof. In addition, this roof shape is very weather resistant and inexpensive to run.
The major advantages of the saddle roof
At first glance, the gabled roof differs from other roof shapes in the number of roof surfaces. During the pitched roof gable roofs have a hipped roof four and other roofs have sometimes even more roofs, two roof surfaces. One of its biggest advantages is the simple principle of construction. In contrast to the time-saving monolithic roof can be not omitted here but on a roof. Gable roofs are distinguished in symmetric and asymmetric roof. The first is located at the former in the Middle, both eaves heights are the same, the roof pitch and the roofs are the same size. First is the asymmetrical rooftops not in the Middle, the roof pitch and roof surfaces are different sizes.
The roof structure of a saddle roof is feasible as rafters or purlins roof. In contrast to the rafters, where two rafters and a ceiling beams to an element are connected and transferred all loads on the exterior walls, the Purlin roof, whose Sparren are lying at an angle bar, transferred only vertically-acting forces. Thus the weight, snow, etc. over the rafters to the rafters are redirected, and thence over the walls into the subsoil. When a truss roof, however, no or only very small purlins are installed. The rafters at first together and be placed at the foot points on the floor.
Both structures have some advantages and disadvantages: as for example, when a Purlin roof easily larger skylights and dormers can be installed (which is not possible in the rafters), a truss roof has a column-free roof space. These two types of roof construction have proved to be relatively straightforward and hide at the same time several decisive advantages.
The gable roof offers the right slope for each region
The gable roof is the most commonly performed roof form in Germany. A number of variants, which are different depending on the region offers the possibility to realize various roof inclinations or eaves height. In regions with high winds and rain usually saddle roofs with steep inclination be built, so that rainwater is quickly derived and thus the wetness can cause no damage to the roof. In snowy regions, however, especially gable roofs with low roof slope are built to prevent uncontrolled slipping by masses of snow.
The gable roof – a low-cost roofing
The gabled roof is due to the simple structure of the roof of a large popularity. But not only the renunciation of complicated construction details and the strong weather resistance make it a classic among the roof forms. The relatively low cost, causing a gabled roof in residential construction are an important advantage that influenced the decision of the builders in the selection. Therefore, the gabled roof is to be found in this country much more often than, for example, the folding roof . This unique form of roof is like the conical roof, which looks like a pointy hat, mainly in medieval towers or used in churches and other religious buildings. Because it requires a fairly elaborate substructure, which is proving a decisive cost factor, it is applied rather seldom in contrast to the traditional saddle roof when building a House.
However, the saddle roof, which relates to the low-cost execution, has some strong competition. A typically asymmetric roof form that simulates the shape of a saddle roof and is known under the name of Berlin roof caused cost significantly less in comparison. The reason for this is the lower height, which require a less sophisticated design and less material than is required for the roofing of the saddle roof. Therefore, this ideal for apartment buildings in relatively densely populated city centers roof shape on the now banned asbestos roofs, as well as on many other roofs is to find.
The gable roof – practical and appropriate
The gable roof is the most economical form of the sloped roof, which convinces not only with the simple and low-cost construction principle, but also with the diverse types of usage, which she opened. The area gained in height to a perfect opportunity for expansion in the attic. Especially for gable roofs with a slope from 38 to 45 degrees, sufficient space exists to use the attic as additional living space. Natural lighting options such as the installation of Windows are well realized as a result of the vertical Gable. To ensure optimal use, you can run the gabled roof as a mansard roof, i.e. as a folding roof, the lower part of which is steeper than the upper. Thus provides more housing and more height on the top floor as a result of the steep slope of the lower areas of the roof. Due to their high practicality, saddle roofs not only in the construction of residential buildings are a frequently chosen roof form. Because it provides additional storage space under the gable, she proved today as well in the construction of garages and garden sheds. But even in the House, the gable roof has proven as a contemporary and practical design element.