The Japanese gardens have a long history dating back to the 7th century. They were born with the idea of capturing the landscape in its natural form and today they have become one of the most important manifestations of the Japanese culture along with calligraphy and gastronomy. In Japan, the design of the garden is linked to the philosophy and religion and why shinto, Buddhism, and Taoism incorporated therein providing a spiritual dimension and turning it into a space that invites you to meditate and conveys a feeling of relaxation and serenity.
There are five types of Japanese Gardens:
The gardens with hills and bridges. They originated in China. Ponds represent the sea and the hills Islands. Lanterns, trees, bridges and ponds are mandatory elements.
Dry gardens. They are very simple and are typically used in small spaces. They reproduce natural landscapes in a more abstract way, through the use of rocks, gravel and sand used to symbolize mountains, Islands and rivers. Water is represented by gravel which will rake forming undulations to reaffirm the symbolism. They refer to the Zen philosophy and usually try to evoke a deeper meaning.