While wells used to be the primary source of water for most houses in the country, it would be fair to say that only a small minority utilise this method of obtaining water nowadays. Nevertheless, if your house is situated remotely, such as on a farm or somewhere deep in the countryside, there is still a chance that a well is used to provide at least some of the water to your property.
Unfortunately, with so few houses using a well, there is little information about how they actually function or what parts are needed. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to look at pumps and the types that you might consider if you are looking to either update or repair your well.
Type of Pump
This is arguably the biggest decision you’ll have to make in relation to your pump. Generally, there are three options to choose from; the shallow jet pump, deep jet pump and the deep submersible pump.
The name of the first two types probably tells you everything you need to know. The shallow jet pump is only suited to shallow waters, with general guidance suggesting that they only function adequately in depths up to 25′. This type of pump will sit above the ground level and extracts water from the well through one pipe. Unsurprisingly, the deep jet pump is targeted for much deeper waters up to 110′. Again, it sits above ground level, although this type also incorporates an extra pipe to push the extracted water out.
The final type, the deep submersible pump, is positioned inside the well. This type of pump is only suited to the largest of wells – meaning that they are usually used on those properties which rely on a well for their sole source of water. The deep submersible pump is configured with one pipe rising out of the well and connecting to a pressure tank inside the home.
If you have already analysed the market by looking at the Online Pump Supplies website or any high street pump retailer, you will have probably realised that the size of the pump is rated in gallons per minute (gpm). While this may make little sense initially, if you consider the fact that the average three bedroom home will require around 9 gpm it should be able to provide a basic guide of what your property needs.
It goes without saying that some well pumps are basic, while others will arrive with all the bells and whistles you can think of. Some people will not consider buying a well pump without a check valve, with this stopping any water from slipping back down the pipe and into the well. Other special features include a safety rope, when the pump needs to be retrieved for maintenance purposes, while a pressure switch is sometimes incorporated into packages to automatically regulate the water depending on the pressure available.